What is labour in pregnancy according to who


What is labour in pregnancy

Pregnancy is the most important thing for all couples; after they marry, they often consider having a child; labour pregnancy is according to the woman's emotions and his life turn. During pregnancy, many changes in the woman body. Here, they are explained step by step.


A) The onset of labour

Labour begins with the tightening of the uterus, the muscular organ that has been your baby’s home for 9 months. Contractions of the uterus are felt as pains in the abdomen or lower back. As the labour goes on, these contraction get stronger.

One of the surest signs that labour is about to begin is the passage of blood-stained mucus from the vagina. This plug of mucus, which seals the cervix (neck of the uterus), is loosened and expelled to allow the baby’s passage through the birth canal.

Another event that may occur before or during labour is the breaking of the fluid-filled sac (amniotic sac) surrounding the baby. This sac contains the liquid that has cushioned the infant during his stay in the womb. If the amniotic sac breaks, you will see a colourless fluid. Occasionally, the fluid may be greenish-brown in colour. In any case, if the amniotic sac breaks, you should see your doctor immediately. In most cases, the fluid-filled sac will not break until active labour is well under way. Blood discharge or flow of water should be reported to your doctors, who will most likely advise you to leave for the hospital.


B) When to go to the hospital

You should go to the hospital as soon as you are sure that labour is properly established.

Or when the membranes rupture, or if you have any sort of vaginal bleeding. Well, over 99 percent of women who are due to be delivered in hospitals arrive there in plenty of time. If there is any doubt concerning the onset of labour or if you are worried about your condition, do not hesitate to call the hospital. There is always someone on duty who is well-trained in the rapid assessment of the situation. If you are fairly certain you are in labour, tell the sister in charge exactly what has happened, and she will undoubtedly instruct you to go to the hospital as soon as possible.


If you are in early labour and the situation is not an emergency, it is usually perfectly reasonable to travel to the hospital by car or even public transport, but if you are in doubt as to how to travel to the hospital, please consult the hospital first. For any emergency, however, such as vaginal bleeding or very strong labour, an ambulance should be called.



C) Stages of childbirth

Before birth, the baby is usually floating upside-down in the womb. By the 9th month of pregnancy, the baby’s head has moved down into the mother’s pelvis, ready for birth, and the neck of the womb has not dilated or opened.


Before birth, the baby is usually floating upside-down in the womb. By the 9th month of pregnancy, the baby’s head has moved down into the mother’s pelvis, ready for birth, and the neck of the womb has not dilated or opened.


First birth: During the first stages, the contractions of the womb press the head of the baby against the cervix, the neck of the womb. The bay stretches the cervix open. The sac of fluid surrounding the baby breaks.


Second birth (1): During the second stage of childbirth, the baby’s head is forced into the vagina. As the baby is pushed from the womb and out of the birth canal, the head faces the mother’s back.


Second birth (2): after the baby’s head has emerged from the birth canal, the head and shoulders are turned to ease delivery. The rest of the body slips out quickly. Breathing begins with the baby’s first cry. The umbilical cord is cut.


Final Stage: During the final stage of childbirth, the placenta, or afterbirth, and the remainder of the umbilical cord are forced out through the vaginal. This is almost painless. The womb returns to its normal size about 10 days later.


D) Prolonged labour  

Defined as labour that lasts more than 24 hours, it’s a possibility that doesn’t get mentioned much—unless it happens. With any luck, it won’t happen, as prolonged labour is much rarer nowadays than it used to be because of scientific advances.



Tips for Labour

It’s a good idea to make a birth plan, as it will help focus your mind on labour, but bear in mind that it may not turn out exactly as you had planned.

Don’t go by anyone else’s account of what labour is like. Yours’s will be different. Make a decision to trust your own body.

Make sure that your suitcase to be taken to the hospital is packed well in advance of your due date, or else you’re bound to forget something in the rush when labour starts.

Find out from your doctor which way your baby is facing. It is most likely to be laying head down and anterior, but it’s helpful to be prepared should your bay be positioned another way.